Can Rabbits Eat Kola Nuts?

Categorized as Bunny Diet Tagged ,

Last Updated on March 3, 2023 by Marjon Ramos

Kola nuts contain both caffeine and theobromine, which should not be fed to rabbits. It could speed up your rabbit’s heart rate, which could then lead to heart attacks, heart arrhythmia, seizures, and respiratory failure.

If your rabbit ate kola nuts accidentally, it’s best that you call a veterinarian for proper advice.

Kola nuts are comparable to feeding chocolates to your rabbit, which is toxic to them in any amount.

Now that I’ve given you the gist of the article, read on as I explain why rabbits can’t eat kola nuts:

Risk of overfeeding kola nuts to rabbits.

Kola nuts contain theobromine and caffeine, which pose a risk when fed to rabbits in any amount. 

Rabbits are not designed to consume these ingredients.

Here are some of the risks associated with feeding your rabbits large amounts of kola nuts:

Increased heart rate

Kola nuts contain theobromine and caffeine, which could stimulate your rabbit’s nervous system.

Just like with us humans, these stimulants would increase your rabbit’s heart rate.

The only difference is that rabbits can’t handle the increased heart rate and would likely suffer some serious medical conditions like heart attacks, seizures, arrhythmias, and respiratory failure.

Signs that your rabbit is suffering from kola nut toxicosis:

  • Vomiting
  • Restlessness
  • Aggitation
  • Hyperthermia
  • Tachycardia
  • Seizures


Diarrhea in rabbits is often caused by the wrong diet or when their diet is changed too fast. 

Feeding your rabbit large amounts of kola nuts would check those two boxes I mentioned.

Gastrointestinal Stasis

Gastrointestinal stasis is also possible when a rabbit is fed large amounts of kola nuts.

GI stasis happens when the balance of bacteria in your rabbit’s gut is disrupted due to a high-carb, low-fiber diet.

This disruption would cause painful gas that would eventually lead to organ failure and death if not treated immediately.

The signs of GI stasis are:

  • Depressed
  • Hunched posture
  • Bruxism
  • Decreased appetite/anorexia

If you notice any of these signs, immediately bring your rabbit to a veterinarian.

Healthy alternative to kola nuts as treats.

If you are planning on giving your rabbits kola nuts as treats, these alternatives are much healthier.

Here are some alternatives that you can give to your rabbits one to two times per week as a treat:

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Should you panic if your rabbit ate a little bit of kola nuts?

Yes, if your rabbit ate any amount of kola nuts, it’s best that you consider this an emergency and call your veterinarian right away.

I can’t seem to find the exact amounts of caffeine and theobromine content of kola nuts, but medicalnewstoday indicates that it’s 2-3 percent caffeine and 1-2 percent theobromine, while the toxic dose of theobromine in rabbits could be as little as 1 gram.

What to do if your rabbit ate kola nuts?

Call a veterinarian for proper advice.

Kola nuts are toxic to rabbits in any amount.

If your rabbit ate kola nuts, you should consider it an emergency.


Kola nuts contain theobromine and caffeine, which are toxic to rabbits.

These ingredients would stimulate their nervous system and increase their heart rate.

This increase in heart rate could lead to heart attacks, seizures, arrhythmias, and respiratory failure.

If your rabbit ate any amount of kola nuts, call your veterinarian and consider it an emergency.

Cite this article:

Bunny Horde (April 11, 2024) Can Rabbits Eat Kola Nuts?. Retrieved from
"Can Rabbits Eat Kola Nuts?." Bunny Horde - April 11, 2024,


Image credit – Chinenye N., CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

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By Marjon Ramos

I’ve loved and cared for rabbits since I was 9 years old, and I’m here to share my passion for rabbits. My objective is to help rabbit owners give their rabbits the best life possible.