How Much Food Should I Feed My Rabbit A Day?

Categorized as Bunny Diet Tagged
how much food should i feed my rabbit a day

Last Updated on August 2, 2021 by Rei

How much food you should feed your rabbit per day depends on their age. Rabbits that are 7 weeks to 7 months old should have an unlimited amount of hay and pellets. While rabbits that are 12 weeks old can now start introducing veggies into their diet slowly.

At 7 months to 1 year, you should now be introducing grass hay into their diet while reducing alfalfa hay. The amount of pellets should also be decreased to ½ cup per 6 lbs. (2.7 kg) BW. Also, vegetables should be fed daily gradually and fruits and treats can now be given sparingly.

Here’s a summary of how much food should you feed your rabbit per day as it gets older:w

AgeHayPelletsVegetablesFruits
7 weeks to
7 months
Unlimited alfalfaUnlimited
12 weeksUnlimited alfalfaUnlimitedIntroduce vegetables (one at a time) in small quantities < 1/2 oz (15 g)
7 months
to 1 year
Introduce grass
hay, decrease
alfalfa
Decrease amount fed
to ½ cup per 6 lbs
(2.7 kg) BW
Increase vegetables
fed daily gradually
No more than 1-2
oz (30-60g) per 6
lbs (2.7 kg) BW
Adult
(1-5 y)
Unlimited grass
hay, oat hay, straw
¼ to ½ cup per 6 lbs
(2.7 kg) BW
1-2 cups per 6 lbs (2.7
kg) BW
No more than 2
tbsp per 6 lbs (2.7
kg) BW
Seniors
(>6 y)
Increase alfalfa hay
fed to frail, older
rabbits but monitor
calcium levels
Continue adult diet if
weight is okay; frail,
older rabbits may fed
unlimited pellets
Source: Basic-Rabbit-Care

How much hay should you feed your rabbit per day?

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“delilah eating her hay” by Keithius is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

Your rabbit should have unlimited access to hay. Hay is the most important part of your rabbit’s diet. Any other food can be eaten in small amounts except hay.

Hay contains a lot of fiber, which rabbits need to move their gut. Without it, your rabbit could develop GI stasis that could lead to organ failure and death.

How much pellets should you feed your rabbit per day?

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“gus eating pellets” by Keithius is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

Pellets should be a supplementary food for rabbits. You should never prioritize pellets over hay.

Here’s a guide to help you determine how much pellets you should feed your rabbit per day if your rabbit is already 7 months to 1 year old.

Small BreedsMedium
Breeds
Large Breeds
•2-3 ounces of
pellets per
day
3 ½ – 4 ounces
of pellets per
day
4 – 8 ounces of
pellets per
day
Source: Understanding the Basics of Rabbit Care

You should also check the composition of your rabbit’s pellet before buying it.

Here are the recommended nutritional facts according to the American Rabbit Breeders Association on the best composition of pellets you should buy for your rabbits.

FiberFatCalciumProtein
•12% to
22%
•Not less
than 18%
•3% or less•Less than
1%
•14%-18%
Source: Understanding the Basics of Rabbit Care

How much veggies should you feed your rabbit per day?

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“Bunn eating breakfast” by reconstructionist is licensed under CC BY 2.0

At 12 weeks old, you can now start giving your rabbits veggies at 15 grams per day. Just make sure that you only introduce one vegetable at a time so that you can easily trace what veggies to remove if your rabbit suddenly suffers from digestive issues.

From 7 months to 1 year, you can now gradually increase the amount of veggies you give to your rabbits until you meet the required amount based on your rabbit’s weight.

Here’s a table to help you decide how much vegetables you should limit giving to your rabbits:

Rabbit’s weight based on breedAllowed vegetables per day
Small breed (1.1–3.5 pounds)<128 grams
Medium breed (6 to 10 pounds)384-640 grams
Large breed ( 9 and 12 pounds)384-760 grams
Source: Patry, Karen, et al. The Rabbit-Raising Problem Solver: Your Questions Answered about Housing, Feeding, Behavior, Health Care, Breeding, and Kindling. Storey Publishing, 2014.

How much treats should you give your rabbit per day?

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“Knuisje eating apple” by jpockele is licensed under CC BY 2.0

Treats should only consist of safe fruits and should only be given in small amounts sparingly.

Here’s a table to help you decide how much fruits you should limit giving to your rabbits:

Rabbit’s weight based on breedAllowed fruits per day(Rabbits 1-5y)
Small breed (1.1–3.5 pounds)0 grams
Medium breed (6 to 10 pounds)30-60 grams (30g)
Large breed ( 9 and 12 pounds)60-120 grams (30g)
Source: Basic-Rabbit-Care

Summary

The most important food for your rabbit is hay. You should give your rabbits unlimited amounts of hay. While pellets should only be secondary and should be fed ½ cup per 6 lbs. (2.7 kg) BW per day.

Veggies should be introduced one at a time to avoid digestive distress and to make it easier what veggies are making your rabbit sick.

Veggies should only be fed 1-2 cups per 6 lbs. (2.7kg) BW per day on adult rabbits or rabbits that are 1-5 years old.

As for treats, they should only be given in small amounts sparingly.

Cite this article:

Bunny Horde (November 16, 2021) How Much Food Should I Feed My Rabbit A Day?. Retrieved from https://bunnyhorde.com/how-much-food-should-i-feed-my-rabbit-a-day/.
"How Much Food Should I Feed My Rabbit A Day?." Bunny Horde - November 16, 2021, https://bunnyhorde.com/how-much-food-should-i-feed-my-rabbit-a-day/

Sources

  • Blas, Carlos de., and Julian Wiseman. The Nutrition of the Rabbit. CAB International, 1998.
  • Buseth, Marit Emilie., and Richard A. Saunders. Rabbit Behaviour, Health, and Care. CABI, 2014.
  • Cheeke, Peter R. Rabbit Feeding and Nutrition. Academic Press, 1987.
  • Lebas, F. The Rabbit: Husbandry, Health, and Production. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 1997.
  • Meredith, Anna, et al. BSAVA Manual of Rabbit Medicine. British Small Animal Veterinary Association, 2014.
  • Patry, Karen, et al. The Rabbit-Raising Problem Solver: Your Questions Answered about Housing, Feeding, Behavior, Health Care, Breeding, and Kindling. Storey Publishing, 2014.
  • Richardson, V. C. G. Rabbits: Health, Husbandry and Diseases. Blackwell Science, 2002.
  • Varga, Molly, and Frances Harcourt-Brown. Textbook of Rabbit Medicine: Revised and Edited. Elsevier, 2014.
  • Basic Rabbit Care
  • Gastrointestinal stasis
  • Diarrhea